Common Disorders

Common Disorders 2019-06-26T16:50:50+00:00

Common Childhood Disorders and their Symptoms

Acute Stress Disorder

Children respond to difficult situations and/or traumatic events in their own unique ways. If your child’s response seems to be particularly strong and is impacting day to day functioning after three months, it could be indicative of Acute Stress Disorder, which can lead to Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder if left untreated.

Common symptoms of Acute Stress Disorder:

  • A foggy or dazed demeanor

  • Repetitive play where the child acts out the event

  • Avoiding certain people, places, or items that remind the child of the event

  • Recurring nightmares

Adjustment Disorder

It is normal for a child to go through an adjustment period when something in their life has been altered (i.e. divorce, moving, transitioning in school). If your child has an excessively hard time dealing with adjustment and/or experiences any of the symptoms listed below for a long period of time, your child may be suffering from an Adjustment Disorder.

Common symptoms of Adjustment Disorder:

  • Sudden onset of anxious/depressive symptoms

  • Trouble sleeping

  • Crying spells

  • Irritability

  • School avoidance

  • Excessive fighting

  • Isolation

Anorexia Nervosa

Anorexia Nervosa is an eating disorder characterized by severe weight loss, low body weight, intense fear of gaining weight, and a distorted body image. Although adolescent females are most at risk, young children and males are also at risk. These children can be high achieving and appear socially well adjusted, making the disorder easy to overlook.

Common symptoms of Anorexia Nervosa:

  • Sudden and dramatic weight loss

  • Food refusal

  • Excessive exercise and/or dieting

  • Hair loss

  • Fatigue

  • Irregular menstruation in females

Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)

While all children experience inattention, impulsivity, and/or hyperactivity at one time or another, the difference for a child suffering from ADHD is that these symptoms affect the child over a long period of time. ADHD is a pattern of behavior that impacts the child’s functioning in multiple settings including at home and in school. There are three subtypes of ADHD; predominantly inattentive, predominantly hyperactive, and a combination of both.

Common symptoms of ADHD:

  • Difficulty sustaining attention

  • Makes careless mistakes

  • Difficulty following through with tasks

  • Organizational difficulties

  • Often loses things

  • Easily distracted

  • Forgetfulness

  • Frequent fidgeting

  • Excessive talking

  • Interrupts others

  • Difficulty waiting his or her turn

Autism Spectrum Disorder

Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder display persistent deficits in social communication and social interaction and frequently exhibit restricted, repetitive behaviors. Symptoms are usually identified in early childhood, however, can go undetected until the school years begin.

Common symptoms of Autistic Spectrum Disorder:

  • Deficits in social-emotional reciprocity

  • Deficits in nonverbal communication

  • Deficits in developing, maintaining, and understanding relationships

  • Repetitive movement

  • Inflexibility

  • Fixed interests

  • Hypersensitivity to environmental stimuli (touch, smell, temperature, sound)

Binge Eating Disorder

Binge Eating Disorder is characterized by a large consumption of food, usually in private, with a loss of control followed by feelings of guilt.

Common symptoms of Binge Eating Disorder:

  • Eating an amount of food larger than most people would eat in a similar period of time

  • A sense of lack of control over eating during the episode

  • Distress associated with the episode

Bipolar Disorder

All children experience emotional highs and lows. However, Bipolar Disorder should be considered when the highs include risky and/or impulsive behavior, euphoria, and poor judgment and the lows include an overwhelming depressive state, lack of interest, and a sense of hopelessness.

Common symptoms of Bipolar Disorder

Manic episode:

  • Inflated self-esteem/grandiosity

  • Decreased need for sleep

  • More talkative than usual

  • Racing thoughts

  • Distractibility

  • Displaying risky behavior

Depressive episode:

  • Depressed mood most of the day

  • Diminished interest of pleasure in almost all activities

  • Consistent physical complaints (stomach aches, headaches, etc)

  • Changes in weight

  • Changes in sleep patterns

  • Fatigue

  • Feelings of worthlessness and/or hopelessness

  • Inability to concentrate

  • Recurrent thoughts of death

Body Dysmorphic Disorder

Body Dysmorphic Disorder is characterized by excessive concern over a minor or imaginary flaw. Your child may try many different ways to cover up or correct the flaw, but the obsession does not seem to diminish.

Common symptoms of Body Dysmorphic Disorder:

  • Frequent examination in front of a mirror or an aversion of mirrors

  • Refusal to appear in pictures

  • Preoccupation with one or several aspects of his or her body

  • Frequent self-deprecating statements (i.e. “I’m ugly.”)

  • Anxiety or depressive symptoms

Other disorders treated at Behavioral Associates frequently seen in children and adolescents:

  • Bulimia Nervosa

  • Chronis Motor or Vocal Tic Disorder

  • Conduct Disorder

  • Disruptive Mood Dysregulation Disorder

  • Encopresis

  • Enuresis

  • Excoriation (Skin-Picking) Disorder

  • Gender Dysphoria

  • Generalized Anxiety Disorder

  • Hoarding Disorder

  • Hypochondriasis

  • Intellectual Development Disorder

  • Intermittent Explosive Disorder

  • Language Disorder

  • Major Depressive Disorder

  • Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder

  • Oppositional Defiant Disorder

  • Panic Disorder

  • Persistent Depressive Disorder (Dysthymia)

  • Post-traumatic Stress Disorder

  • Reactive Attachment Disorder

  • Schizophrenia

  • Selective Mutism

  • Separation Anxiety Disorder

  • Sleep-Wake Disorders

  • Social Anxiety Disorder

  • Social Communication Disorder

  • Somatic Symptom Disorder

  • Specific Leaning Disorder

  • Specific Phobia

  • Speech Sound Disorder

  • Substance Use Disorder

  • Tourette’s Disorder

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